How to resize a VirtualBox fixed size virtual drive (.vdi) on Mac

August 29th, 2011 4 minutes reading time.


So you created a disk for your Windows or Linux VirtualBox VM and you made the mistake of not creating the drive as a dynamically expanding storage drive, you chose fixed size.

Now you’re running out of space and all your Google searches point you to stupid posts on the virtualbox.org forums that lead to nowhere, specially if you are a MacOSX user, look no further, you’ve found the solution to your problem on this post.

VirtualBox for Mac comes with a tool called VBoxManage, this tool is all you need to resize your virtual disk.

When you’re using the VBoxManage tool make sure your VM is not running, stop it completely to be safe.

Step 0. Backup your current drive (optional)

I recommend that before you do anything you clone your existing drive, just in case…

You can clone your drive using guess what? yes, the VBoxManage tool. No need to download any external tools.

$ VboxManage clonehd <path to your original drive> <path of the copy>

in my computer it looked exactly like this:

$ VBoxManage clonehd /Users/gubatron/VirtualBox VMs/windows7-64bit/windows7-64bit.vdi /Users/gubatron/windows7-64bit.cloned.vdi
0%...10%...20%...30%...40%...50%...60%...70%...80%...90%...100%

If you don’t know where your .vdi file is, it’s very simple, right Click your VM > Settings > Storage, and mouse over the .vdi to see it’s physical location on your Mac hardrive.


Mouse over your virtual drive if you don’t know its location

Step 1. Resize!

The command to resize is:

$ VBoxManage modifyhd <path to your vdi> --resize <new size in megabytes>

In my case I had a 20GB drive that I wanted to double in size (40GB), a quick Google search for “40GB to megabytes” yields the number 40960, so that’s what I put on my –resize parameter.

This is how it looked for me:

$ VBoxManage modifyhd /Users/gubatron/VirtualBox VMs/windows7-64bit/windows7-64bit.vdi --resize 40960
0%...10%...20%...30%...40%...50%...60%...70%...80%...90%...100%

The ‘resizing’ is almost immediate.

Step 2. (Re)Start VirtualBox

After you’ve physically resized your drive, both VirtualBox and your OS should know about the changes.

At this point, clicking on your VM in the VirtualBox window will show that it still has the old size:

Before: (Note the size of the drive at the bottom of the image)

After doing the resize, shutdown completely your VirtualBox, and launch it again. When you see the information about the storage drives attached to your VM you should see the new disk size.

After: (Note the size of the drive at the bottom of the image)

Step 3. Let your OS know the new logical size of the drive


Your OS is still not aware of the changes, you need to let it know about them

When you start your VM, it won’t know right away what the new size of the disk is, you’ll have let the operating system know that there is additional space it can use.

If your VM is running Windows 7, the way to let the operating system know that it can use the additional space on your drive is very straight forward.

Click on the Windows (Start) Icon on the Bar > Right Click on “Computer” > Manage (You’ll need to be an Administrator)

The “Computer Management” window will open, in it go to:

Storage > Disk Management > Right Click on the partition you want to extend.

Select the option that says “Extend”, a Wizard will open, just hit Next until it ends if you want to use the whole space.

After you’re done, if you refresh your “Computer” on the File explorer the resized drive should show right away

That’s it, enjoy and let me know how it went.

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48 Responses to “How to resize a VirtualBox fixed size virtual drive (.vdi) on Mac”

  1. How do I format my mac portable hard drive to pc? Says:

    [...] IN. TURN ON. TUNE OUT.USB External Hard DriveAnalysis of hidden data in the NTFS file systemHow to resize a VirtualBox fixed size virtual drive (.vdi) on Mac – Gubatron.com [...]

  2. Chuckvdl Says:

    Nice, except for one small detail. The screenshot you show is for a dynamically allocated disk. You can tell because the actual and virtual size is not the same as t would be on a fixed size drive. Secondly the text obscured by the tooltip is not “Fixed size storage” but rather something with ellipses at the end which does not fit in the space allocated.

    Trying this process with VirtualBox 4.1.4 results in the message:

    Progress state: VBOX_E_NOT_SUPPORTED
    VBoxManage: error: Resize hard disk operation for this format is not implemented yet!

  3. Chuckvdl Says:

    AH but now the solution is made obvious once I noticed something When you clone the original drive to make a backup, the tool creates a dynamically allocated disk, even if the original was fixed size. So at that point you can treat your ‘original’ disk as the backup, and expand the newly created clone.

  4. How-To: Start VBox VM Using Scripts / Command Lines « Kindle VS Mac Says:

    [...] How to resize a VirtualBox fixed size virtual drive (.vdi) on Mac (gubatron.com) [...]

  5. TRASHER Says:

    I dont have .vdi but i’ve .vhd (VirtualBox 4.1.4) My problem is that I don’t know where do i have to write the command – in the terminal or somewhere else outside the Virtualbox program? ‘Coz when I wrote the command into the terminal, it said: “command not found”. What could I do? (I’m new to mac, sorry)

  6. eSbek Says:

    Using Virtual Media Manager copy your VHD file to a new VDI one. Then type the command from the Virtualbox installation folder.

  7. marcus Says:

    Hi

    I am the same problem.
    I need to resize a vdi (4.1.6) installed on Mac OSX.
    Executing

    VBoxManage modifyhd mystorage.vdi –resize 9000

    returns :

    VBOX_E_NOT_SUPPORTED

    What’s wrong ?

    Regards

    Marcus

  8. gubatron Says:

    hopefully that vdi is not too old… did you google that VBOX_E_NOT_SUPPORTED error?

  9. Jake Says:

    Hey – the guide is really nice. I’m only having trouble with the disk management part at the end. I upgraded my 20 GB to a 100GB using methods 1-2 above, however, when I got to part 3, the 20 GB “Disk 0″ was still there even when under my SATA port 0, it says ((italicized) Normal, 100.00GB)… Any idea how I can get it to say 80 GB unallocated in my Windows 7 Disk Management Part?

  10. Chris Says:

    Thanks for the tip! It helped!

  11. Siva Says:

    How do I merge the disk on Windows XP guest?

  12. joe c Says:

    worked like a charm…thanks!

  13. Adriano de Oliveira Colenghi Baptista Says:

    Thanks a lot for the tip! Worked fine for me! :)

  14. Ian Says:

    Worked great! Thank you for this post.

  15. Vajda Vladimir Says:

    This is the best guide for expanding fixed virtual hd on the internet. Thanks a lot.

  16. Francesc Says:

    I’ve followed the instructions and the VirtualBox shows the HDD’s new size, but from Disk Management of the guest OS (Windows 7 x64) the disk stills shows the old size (it doesn’t show the unllocated piece).
    Any ideas?

  17. Luna Says:

    Hello, please help ! I tried this but it seems it has some syntax error, (I m not used to mac terminal) so I wrote this

    VBoxManage modifyhd /Users/Me/VirtualBox VMs/windows xp/windows xp.vdi –resize 40960

    but it shows Syntax error: Invalid parameter ‘VMs/windows’

    Also I should note that although it finds VirtualBox VMs with ls at Me directory, I cant find it with cd. How can that be? I am so confused.

    And last but not least, I use a vhd instead of vdi, but I can locate both of them in the folder. Which should I choose? please help !!

    Thank you !

  18. wojtas Says:

    Hey Luna, try this
    VBoxManage modifyhd “/Users/Me/VirtualBox VMs/windows xp/windows xp.vdi” -–resize 40960

  19. Gordon Says:

    To Jake and Luna (and anyone else having the same problem): If you try to do this and run into the problem that the unallocated space is not appearing, it is probably because you are using the “snapshots” feature of VirtualBox. You have probably only changed the “base image” of the virtual machine. I just did this, and I hope that I haven’t messed up my snapshots. Probably the best thing to do is to get rid of all your snapshots before trying to do this.

    For some more info, see https://www.virtualbox.org/ticket/9103

  20. Gordon Says:

    Oops, sorry, I meant Jake and Francesc, not Luna (hers is a different error I’m afraid).

    I have since tried to delete my snapshots so I could just repeat the disk resize on the current state, but VirtualBox balks when I try to delete the last snapshot (presumably because the disk sizes don’t match between the states it is trying to merge). I am now attempting to clone the disk; hopefully I’ll end up with one “current state” that can then have the disk resized. I’m worried, though, that I’ve done some irreversible changes to the VM.

    They really should include a warning about resizing virtual machine disks when using snapshots, if it is possible to irreversibly damage them. I guess I should have done my own backup before attempting this.

  21. Gordon Says:

    Just an update: I was able to get this working by making a clone of the original VM. Just make sure to choose “Full clone” (not “Linked clone”), and “Current machine state” (not “All states”). This gave me a VM with just one “Current state”, which I was then able to resize the disk for in the manner described in the article.

  22. DJ Bobo Says:

    Luna,
    You should put path in double quotes, stupid moron.
    VBoxManage modifyhd “/Users/Me/VirtualBox VMs/windows xp/windows xp.vdi” –resize 40960

  23. meelis Says:

    Great! Thank you!

  24. RogerEcks Says:

    Thanks for the information this has helped save my a lot of time!

  25. ashii007 Says:

    It worked beautifully. Thank you!!

  26. VGuima Says:

    Great! Thank you!

  27. win Says:

    Hi, Thanks man! It work great!!

    And Thanks to Chuckvdl that pin pointing the problem with fixed size disk!

  28. joey123 Says:

    i also need help!! :(
    i get syntax error: invalid parameter: ’50000′

    it complains about the size i ask, why is that? i googled it and everything and i can’t find the answer!

  29. Alchaz Says:

    Saved my life!

  30. Marco Antonio Says:

    i got Syntax error: Mandatory output file parameter missing when i try to clone it and another Syntax error when try to resize it, please help

  31. How to ReSize of the Virtual Disc Drive for VirtualBox Running on Mac | What a Palaver Says:

    [...] to Gubatron who got me most of the way with this [...]

  32. NeilSJ Says:

    Thanks Gubatron, this worked like a dream (the tip about putting the filename in inverted commas was also invaluable, wojtas) and it’s really saved my bacon.

  33. acas85 Says:

    This totally worked!!!! Thank you so much!!! going to Palaver’s site helped too!!! :)

  34. Paras Jain Says:

    Great. That works. BTW, the images in the post are not showing up

  35. admin Says:

    thanks for the reminder, gotta see what’s up with the image folder.

  36. admin Says:

    images fixed!

  37. Ahmed Says:

    Thank you very much. It was a very helpful tip.

  38. Ben Says:

    This solved a big headache of mine! Thank you

  39. Tim Nethers Says:

    I’ve gotten to the part where I’m supposed to use the extend feature. Mine is greyed out. I think it’s because I had set the Disk to Dynamically allocate the space. How can I still extend this drive?

    Thanks!

  40. LMASH Says:

    Thanks This really did help but unfortunately I learned the long way. This has everything what you need to do extent a win 7 virtual drive on mac. Thanks

  41. COLE Says:

    “if you are a MacOSX user, look no further, you’ve found the solution to your problem on this post.” — Yes indeed! Thanks!

  42. admin Says:

    glad to be of help.

  43. Matthew Fritz Says:

    Many thanks for this! Exactly what I was looking for!

  44. Mz Says:

    It worked but with slight modifications. Had to resize the filename.cloned.vdi file in step 0 NOT the original hard disk vdi file.
    When I used this directly i got errors:
    VBoxManage modifyhd “/Users/tamika370/VirtualBox VMs/win7/win7.vdi” –resize 40960
    0%…
    Progress state: VBOX_E_NOT_SUPPORTED
    VBoxManage: error: Resize hard disk operation for this format is not implemented yet!

    So I USED THIS INSTEAD (keep in mind i saved the cloned vdi file in my user directory):

    VBoxManage modifyhd win7.cloned.vdi –resize 40960
    0%…10%…20%…30%…40%…50%…60%…70%…80%…90%…100%

    Then followed steps 2 onwards which worked PERFECTLY! Thank you so much

  45. Kinjapan Says:

    Hi all, played around a bit and tried to increase my hd size in vbox….now I am getting this message and can’t restart my VM anymore….help….what went wrong??

    Für die virtuelle Maschine Windows 7 konnte keine neue Sitzung eröffnet werden.

    pci#0: Device in slot 0×58 has been removed! vendor=0×8086 device=0x265c [ver=3 pass=final] (VERR_SSM_LOAD_CONFIG_MISMATCH).

    Fehlercode:NS_ERROR_FAILURE (0×80004005)
    Komponente:Console
    Interface:IConsole {8ab7c520-2442-4b66-8d74-4ff1e195d2b6}

  46. How to resize a VirtualBox fixed size virtual drive (.vdi) on Mac – Gubatron.com | lzyerste Says:

    […] How to resize a VirtualBox fixed size virtual drive (.vdi) on Mac – Gubatron.com. […]

  47. Bjarne Says:

    Worked PERFECTLY! Thank you so much.

  48. JH Says:

    Your a man among boys. Thanks boss!

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