What is the Rust equivalent to Java’s PrintWriter?

In Rust, the equivalent of Java’s PrintWriter is the std::io::Write trait, which is implemented by a number of types that can be used to write data to an output stream, such as a file or a network socket.

To use Write to write text to an output stream, you can use the write_all method, which takes a byte slice as an argument and writes it to the output stream.

You can convert a string to a byte slice using the as_bytes method.

Here is an example of how you might use Write to write text to a file:

use std::fs::File;
use std::io::Write;

fn main() -> std::io::Result<()> {
    let mut file = File::create("output.txt")?;
    file.write_all(b"Hello, world!")?;
    Ok(())
}

If you want to use a buffered writer, similar to PrintWriter, you can use the BufWriter type from the std::io::BufWriter module.

This type wraps a Write implementation and buffers the output, improving performance by reducing the number of calls to the underlying write operation.

Here is an example of how you might use BufWriter to write text to a file:

use std::fs::File;
use std::io::{BufWriter, Write};

fn main() -> std::io::Result<()> {
    let file = File::create("output.txt")?;
    let mut writer = BufWriter::new(file);
    writer.write_all(b"Hello, world!")?;
    writer.flush()?;
    Ok(())
}

You can also use the writeln! macro from the std::fmt module to write a line of text to an output stream.

This macro takes a Write implementation and a format string as arguments, and writes the formatted string to the output stream followed by a newline character.

Here is an example of how you might use writeln! to write a line of text to a file:

use std::fs::File;
use std::io::Write;

fn main() -> std::io::Result<()> {
    let mut file = File::create("output.txt")?;
    writeln!(file, "Hello, world!")?;
    Ok(())
}

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